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Reference: Orlowski J, et al. (2007) Dissecting the role of dolichol in cell wall assembly in the yeast mutants impaired in early glycosylation reactions. Yeast 24(4):239-52

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Abstract

Evidence is presented that temperature-sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants, impaired in dolichol kinase (Sec59p) or dolichyl phosphate mannose synthase (Dpm1p) activity have an aberrant cell wall composition and ultrastructure. The mutants were oversensitive to Calcofluor white, an agent interacting with the cell wall chitin. In accordance with this, chemical analysis of the cell wall alkali-insoluble fraction indicated an increased amount of chitin and changes in the quantity of beta1,6- and beta1,3-glucan in sec59-1 and dpm1-6 mutants. In order to unravel the link between the formation of dolichyl phosphate and dolichyl phosphate mannose and the cell wall assembly, we screened a yeast genomic library for a multicopy suppressors of the thermosensitive phenotype. The RER2 and SRT1 genes, encoding cis-prenyltransferases, were isolated. In addition, the ROT1 gene, encoding protein involved in beta1,6-glucan synthesis (Machi et al., 2004) and protein folding (Takeuchi et al., 2006) acted as a multicopy suppressor of the temperature-sensitive phenotype of the sec59-1 mutant. The cell wall of the mutants and of mutants bearing the multicopy suppressors was analysed for carbohydrate and mannoprotein content. We also examined the glycosylation status of the plasma membrane protein Gas1p, a beta1,3-glucan elongase, and the degree of phosphorylation of the Mpk1/Slt2 protein, involved in the cell wall integrity pathway. Copyright (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Orlowski J, Machula K, Janik A, Zdebska E, Palamarczyk G
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