Take our Survey

Reference: Kessl JJ, et al. (2007) Parameters determining the relative efficacy of hydroxy-naphthoquinone inhibitors of the cytochrome bc1 complex. Biochim Biophys Acta 1767(4):319-26

Reference Help

Abstract

Hydroxy-naphthoquinones are competitive inhibitors of the cytochrome bc(1) complex that bind to the ubiquinol oxidation site between cytochrome b and the iron-sulfur protein and presumably mimic a transition state in the ubiquinol oxidation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme. The parameters that affect efficacy of binding of these inhibitors to the bc(1) complex are not well understood. Atovaquone, a hydroxy-naphthoquinone, has been used therapeutically to treat Pneumocystis carinii and Plasmodium infections. As the pathogens have developed resistance to this drug, it is important to understand the molecular basis of the drug resistance and to develop new drugs that can circumvent the drug resistance. We previously developed the yeast and bovine bc(1) complexes as surrogates to model the interaction of atovaquone with the bc(1) complexes of the target pathogens and human host. As a first step to identify new cytochrome bc(1) complex inhibitors with therapeutic potential and to better understand the determinants of inhibitor binding, we have screened a library of 2-hydroxy-naphthoquinones with aromatic, cyclic, and non-cyclic alkyl side-chain substitutions at carbon-3 on the hydroxy-quinone ring. We found a group of compounds with alkyl side-chains that effectively inhibit the yeast bc(1) complex. Molecular modeling of these into the crystal structure of the yeast cytochrome bc(1) complex provides structural and quantitative explanations for their binding efficacy to the target enzyme. In addition we also identified a 2-hydroxy-naphthoquinone with a branched side-chain that has potential for development as an anti-fungal and anti-parasitic therapeutic.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Kessl JJ, Moskalev NV, Gribble GW, Nasr M, Meshnick SR, Trumpower BL
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference