The eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase II is a dyadic enzyme that, upon ATP binding, transports one duplex DNA (T-segment) through a transient double-stranded break in another (G-segment). The path of the T-segment involves the sequential crossing of three gates along the dimer interface: the entrance or N-gate, the DNA gate, and the exit or C-gate. Coordination among these gates is critical for dimer stability and the prevention of chromosome damage. This study examines DNA transactions by yeast topoisomerase II derivatives defective in gate function. The results indicate that, although the N-gate is not required for G-segment cleavage, the DNA gate per se is not able to widen unless ATP binds to the N-gate. Next, a captured T-segment cannot be held in the interdomainal region between the N-gate and the DNA gate. Finally, the G-segment can be religated while a T-segment is held in the central cavity of the enzyme between the DNA gate and the C-gate. These quaternary couplings for gate opening and closing suggest that topoisomerase II ensures a transient DNA gating state, during which dimer interface contacts are maximized and backtracking of the transported DNA is minimized.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|