c-Myc N-terminal conserved domains, MbI and MbII, are essential for c-Myc-mediated transformation and transactivation. These domains recruit the STAGA (SPT3-TAF9-GCN5-acetyltransferase) coactivator complex, but not TFTC (TATA-binding protein-free TAF-containing) to the target gene promoter. Although components of this complex are well conserved between yeast and mammals, four mammalian orthologs of yeast SPT8, SPT20, SGF11 and SGF29 remain to be identified. Here, we isolated a rat ortholog of yeast SGF29, a component of yeast SAGA (SPT-ADA-GCN5-acetyltransferase) complex. Both rat (r) SGF29 and c-myc mRNAs were overexpressed in five out of the eight tested rodent tumor cells. rSGF29 directly interacted with rADA3 and co-immunoprecipitated with two other TFTC/STAGA components, rGCN5 and rSPT3. rSGF29 was recruited to the c-Myc target gene promoters together with c-Myc, and it activated c-Myc target gene expressions. Downregulation of rSGF29 suppressed the expression of c-Myc target genes and inhibited anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenicity and lung metastasis of rat hepatoma K2 cells when injected into nude mice. These results show that rSGF29 is a novel component of TFTC/STAGA complexes and could be involved in the c-Myc-mediated malignant transformation.Oncogene advance online publication, 5 March 2007; doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1210349.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|