In eukaryotic cells the concentration of dNTP is highest in S phase and lowest in G1 phase and is controlled by ribonucleotide reductase (RNR). RNR activity is eliminated in all eukaryotes in G1 phase by a variety of mechanisms: transcriptional regulation, small inhibitory proteins, and protein degradation. After activation of RNR upon commitment to S phase, dATP feedback inhibition ensures that the dNTP concentration does not exceed a certain maximal level. It is not apparent why limitation of dNTP concentration is necessary in G1 phase. In principle, dATP feedback inhibition should be sufficient to couple dNTP production to utilization. We demonstrate that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae constitutively high dNTP concentration transiently arrests cell cycle progression in late G1 phase, affects activation of origins of replication, and inhibits the DNA damage checkpoint. We propose that fluctuation of dNTP concentration controls cell cycle progression and the initiation of DNA replication.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|