Toxic metals are ubiquitous in the environment and all organisms possess systems to evade toxicity and acquire tolerance. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae AP-1-like protein Yap8p (systematic name YPR199c; also known as Acr1p and Arr1p) confers arsenic tolerance by stimulating enhanced transcription of the arsenic-specific detoxification genes ACR2 and ACR3. Here, we report that Yap8p is regulated at the level of degradation. We show that Yap8p is stabilized in arsenite-exposed cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Yap8p degradation proceeds through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and is dependent on the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Ubc4p. Further, we show that mutants that are defective in the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway display increased Yap8p levels and elevated expression of the Yap8p gene-target ACR3. Yap8p forms homodimers in vivo but dimerization is not regulated by arsenite. Instead, arsenite-stimulated Yap8p stabilization and transcriptional activation of ACR3 requires critical cysteine residues within Yap8p. Collectively, our data is consistent with a model where Yap8p is degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in untreated cells, whereas arsenite-exposure results in Yap8p stabilization and gene activation. In this way, regulated degradation contributes to Yap8p control.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|