Atg5 is covalently modified with a ubiquitin-like modifier, Atg12, and the Atg12-Atg5 conjugate further forms a complex with the multimeric protein Atg16. The Atg12-Atg5*Atg16 multimeric complex plays an essential role in autophagy, the bulk degradation system conserved in all eukaryotes. We report here the crystal structure of Atg5 complexed with the N-terminal region of Atg16 at 1.97 A resolution. Atg5 is comprised of two ubiquitin-like domains that flank a helix-rich domain. The N-terminal region of Atg16 has a helical structure and is bound to the groove formed by these three domains. In vitro analysis showed that Arg-35 and Phe-46 of Atg16 are crucial for the interaction. Atg16 with a mutation at these residues failed to localize to the pre-autophagosomal structure, and could not restore autophagy in Atg16 deficient yeast strains. Furthermore, these Atg16 mutants could not restore a severe reduction in the formation of the Atg8-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugate, another essential factor for autophagy, in Atg16 deficient strains under starvation conditions. These results taken together suggest that the direct interaction between Atg5 and Atg16 is crucial to the performance of their roles in autophagy.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|