Reference: Fairn GD, et al. (2007) A chemogenomic screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae uncovers a primary role for the mitochondria in farnesol toxicity and its regulation by the Pkc1 pathway. J Biol Chem 282(7):4868-74

Reference Help

Abstract


The isoprenoid farnesol has been shown to preferentially induce apoptosis in cancerous cells; however, the mode of action of farnesol-induced death is not established. We used chemogenomic profiling using Saccharomyces cerevisiae to probe the core cellular processes targeted by farnesol. This screen revealed 48 genes whose inactivation increased sensitivity to farnesol. The gene set indicated a role for the generation of oxygen radicals by the Rieske iron-sulfur component of complex III of the electron transport chain as a major mediator of farnesol-induced cell death. Consistent with this, loss of mitochondrial DNA, which abolishes electron transport, resulted in robust resistance to farnesol. A genomic interaction map predicted interconnectedness between the Pkc1 signaling pathway and farnesol sensitivity via regulation of the generation of reactive oxygen species. Consistent with this prediction (i) Pkc1, Bck1, and Mkk1 relocalized to the mitochondria upon farnesol addition, (ii) inactivation of the only non-essential and non-redundant member of the Pkc1 signaling pathway, BCK1, resulted in farnesol sensitivity, and (iii) expression of activated alleles of PKC1, BCK1, and MKK1 increased resistance to farnesol and hydrogen peroxide. Sensitivity to farnesol was not affected by the presence of the osmostabilizer sorbitol nor did farnesol affect phosphorylation of the ultimate Pkc1-responsive kinase responsible for controlling the cell wall integrity pathway, Slt2. The data indicate that the generation of reactive oxygen species by the electron transport chain is a primary mechanism by which farnesol kills cells. The Pkc1 signaling pathway regulates farnesol-mediated cell death through management of the generation of reactive oxygen species.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Fairn GD, Macdonald K, McMaster CR
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference