Zinc deficiency is a potential risk factor for disease in humans because it leads to increased oxidative stress and DNA damage. We show here that the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae also experiences oxidative stress when zinc-deficient, and we have identified one mechanism yeast cells use to defend themselves against this stress. The Zap1p transcription factor is a central player in the response of yeast to zinc deficiency. To identify genes important for growth in low zinc, DNA microarrays were used to identify genes directly regulated by Zap1p. We found that the TSA1 gene is one such Zap1p target whose expression is increased under zinc deficiency. TSA1 encodes a cytosolic thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase responsible for degrading hydrogen peroxide and organic hydroperoxides. Consistent with its regulation by Zap1p, we showed that tsa1delta mutants have a growth defect in low zinc that can be suppressed by zinc but not by other metals. Anaerobic conditions also suppressed the tsa1delta low zinc growth defect indicating that oxidative stress is the likely cause of the poor growth. Consistent with this hypothesis, we demonstrated that zinc deficiency causes increased reactive oxygen species in wild type cells and that this increase is further exacerbated in tsa1delta mutants. The role of this regulation by Zap1p in limiting oxidative stress in low zinc was confirmed when the Zap1p-binding site was specifically mutated in the chromosomal TSA1 promoter. Thus, we conclude that TSA1 induction by Zap1p is an adaptive response to deal with the increased oxidative stress caused by zinc deficiency.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|