Reference: Chinault AC, et al. (1977) Initial position of aminoacylation of individual Escherichia coli, yeast, and calf liver transfer RNAs. Biochemistry 16(4):766-76

Reference Help

Abstract

Transfer RNAs from Escherichia coli, yeast (Sacharomyces cerevisiae), and calf liver were subjected to controlled hydrolysis with venom exonuclease to remove 3'-terminal nucleotides, and then reconstructed successively with cytosine triphosphate (CTP) and 2'- or 3'-deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate in the presence of yeast CTP(ATP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase. The modified tRNAs were purified by chromatography on DBAE-cellulose or acetylated DBAE-cellulose and then utilized in tRNA aminoacylation experiments in the presence of the homologous aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase activities. The E. coli, yeast, and calf liver aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases specific for alanine, glycine, histidine, lysine, serine, and threonine, as well as the E. coli and yeast prolyl-tRNA synthetases and the yeast glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase utilized only those homologous modified tRNAs terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine (i.e., having an available 3'-OH group). This is interpreted as evidence that these aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases normally aminoacylate their unmodified cognate tRNAs on the 3'-OH group. The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases from all three sources specific argining, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, and valine, as well as the E. coli and yeast enzymes specific for methionine and the E. coli glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, used as substrates exclusively those tRNAs terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine. Certain aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, including the E. coli, yeast, and calf liver asparagine and tyrosine activating enzymes, the E. coli and yeast cysteinyl-tRNA synthetases, and the aspartyl-tRNA synthetase from yeast, utilized both isomeric tRNAs as substrates, although generally not at the same rate. While the calf liver aspartyl- and cysteinyl-tRNA synthetases utilized only the corresponding modified tRNA species terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine, the use of a more concentrated enzyme preparation might well result in aminoacylation of the isomeric species. The one tRNA for which positional specificity does seem to have changed during evolution is tryptophan, whose E. coli aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase utilized predominantly the cognate tRNA terminating in 3'-deoxyadenosine, while the corresponding yeast and calf liver enzymes were found to utilize predominantly the isomeric tRNAs terminating in 2'-deoxyadenosine. The data presented indicate that while there is considerable diversity in the initial position of aminoacylation of individual tRNA isoacceptors derived from a single source, positional specificity has generally been conserved during the evolution from a prokaryotic to mammalian organism.FAU - Chinault, A .

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Chinault AC, Tan KH, Hassur SM, Hecht SM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference