Silent chromatin in budding yeast is characterized by the presence of a specialized chromatin modification complex consisting of silent information regulator (Sir) proteins, closely packed pairs of nucleosomes, and hypoacetylated and hypomethylated histones. How this specialized chromatin is established, maintained and inherited has been extensively studied. Less investigated are the determinants that constrain its linear spread along the chromatin fibre and the manner by which it represses gene transcription. Here we review the essential features of SIR-mediated heterochromatin, and discuss genomic and proteomic approaches for discerning the composition of its boundaries and for elucidating the mechanisms by which it silences transcription.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|