In S. cerevisiae synthesis of phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate [PtdIns(3,5)P2] by Fab1p is required for several cellular events, including an as yet undefined step in the ubiquitin-dependent trafficking of some integral membrane proteins from the trans-Golgi network to the vacuole lumen. AP-1 is a heterotetrameric clathrin adaptor protein complex that binds cargo proteins and clathrin coats, and regulates bi-directional protein trafficking between the trans-Golgi network and the endocytic/secretory pathway. Like fab1Delta cells, AP-1 complex component mutants have lost the ability to traffic ubiquitylated cargoes to the vacuole lumen - the first demonstration that AP-1 is required for this process. Deletion mutants of AP-1 complex components are compromised in their ability to synthesize PtdIns(3,5)P2, indicating that AP-1 is required for correct in vivo activation of Fab1p. Furthermore, wild-type protein sorting can be restored in AP-1 mutants by overexpression of Fab1p, implying that the protein-sorting defect in these cells is as a result of disruption of PtdIns(3,5)P2 synthesis. Finally, we show that Fab1p and Vac14p, an activator of Fab1p, are also required for another AP-1-dependent process: chitin-ring deposition in chs6Delta cells. Our data imply that AP-1 is required for some Fab1p and PtdIns(3,5)P2-dependent processes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|