Reference: Ghazal G and Elela SA (2006) Characterization of the Reactivity Determinants of a Novel Hairpin Substrate of Yeast RNase III. J Mol Biol 363(2):332-44

Reference Help

Abstract


RNase III enzymes form a conserved family of proteins that specifically cleave double-stranded (dsRNA). These proteins are involved in a variety of cellular functions, including the processing of many non-coding RNAs, mRNA decay, and RNA interference. Yeast RNase III (Rnt1p) selects its substrate by recognizing the structure generated by a conserved NGNN tetraloop (G2-loop). Mutations of the invariant guanosine stringently inhibit binding and cleavage of all known Rnt1p substrates. Surprisingly, we have found that the 5' end of small nucleolar RNA 48 is processed by Rnt1p in the absence of a G2-loop. Instead, biochemical and structural analyses revealed that cleavage, in this case, is directed by a hairpin capped with an AAGU tetraloop, with a preferred adenosine in the first position (A1-loop). Chemical probing indicated that A1-loops adopt a distinct structure that varies at the 3' end where Rnt1p interacts with G2-loops. Consistently, chemical footprinting and chemical interference assays indicate that Rnt1p binds to G2 and A1-loops using different sets of nucleotides. Also, cleavage and binding assays showed that the N-terminal domain of Rnt1p aids selection of A1-capped hairpins. Together, the results suggest that Rnt1p recognizes at least two distinct classes of tetraloops using flexible protein RNA interactions. This underscores the capacity of double-stranded RNA binding proteins to use several recognition motifs for substrate identification.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Ghazal G, Elela SA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference