Reference: Alexandrov A, et al. (2006) Rapid tRNA decay can result from lack of nonessential modifications. Mol Cell 21(1):87-96

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Abstract

The biological role of many nonessential tRNA modifications outside of the anticodon remains elusive despite their evolutionary conservation. We show here that m7G46 methyltransferase Trm8p/Trm82p acts as a hub of synthetic interactions with several tRNA modification enzymes, resulting in temperature-sensitive growth. Analysis of three double mutants indicates reduced levels of tRNA(Val(AAC)), consistent with a role of the corresponding modifications in maintenance of tRNA levels. Detailed examination of a trm8-delta trm4-delta double mutant demonstrates rapid degradation of preexisting tRNA(Val(AAC)) accompanied by its de-aminoacylation. Multiple copies of tRNA(Val(AAC)) suppress the trm8-delta trm4-delta growth defect, directly implicating this tRNA in the phenotype. These results define a rapid tRNA degradation (RTD) pathway that is independent of the TRF4/RRP6-dependent nuclear surveillance pathway. The degradation of an endogenous tRNA species at a rate typical of mRNA decay demonstrates a critical role of nonessential modifications for tRNA stability and cell survival.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Alexandrov A, Chernyakov I, Gu W, Hiley SL, Hughes TR, Grayhack EJ, Phizicky EM
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