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Reference: Francin M and Mirande M (2006) Identity elements for specific aminoacylation of a tRNA by mammalian lysyl-tRNA synthetase bearing a nonspecific tRNA-interacting factor. Biochemistry 45(33):10153-60

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Abstract

Mammalian lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS) has an N-terminal polypeptide chain extension appended to a prokaryotic-like synthetase domain. This extension, termed a tRNA-interacting factor (tIF), possesses a RNA-binding motif [KxxxK(K/R)xxK] that binds nonspecifically the acceptor TPsiC stem-loop domain of tRNA and provides a potent tRNA binding capacity to this enzyme. Consequently, native LysRS aminoacylates a RNA minihelix mimicking the amino acid acceptor stem-loop domain of tRNA(3)(Lys). Here, examination of minihelix recognition showed that mammalian LysRS aminoacylates RNA minihelices without specificity of sequence, revealing that none of the nucleotides from the acceptor TPsiC stem-loop domain are essential determinants of tRNA(Lys) acceptor identity. To test whether the tIF domain reduces the specificity of the synthetase with regard to complete tRNA molecules, aminoacylation of wild-type and mutant noncognate tRNAs by wild-type or N-terminally truncated LysRS was examined. The presence of the UUU anticodon of tRNA(Lys) appeared to be necessary and sufficient to transform yeast tRNA(Asp) or tRNA(i)(Met) into potent lysine acceptor tRNAs. Thus, nonspecific RNA-protein interactions between the acceptor stem of tRNA and the tIF domain do not relax the tRNA specificity of mammalian LysRS. The possibility that interaction of the full-length cognate tRNA with the synthetase is required to induce the catalytic center of the enzyme into a productive conformation is discussed.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Francin M, Mirande M
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