We have examined the pre-steady state reduction kinetics of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cytochrome bc(1) complex by menaquinol in the presence and absence of endogenous ubiquinone to elucidate the mechanism of triphasic cytochrome b reduction. With cytochrome bc(1) complex from wild type yeast, cytochrome b reduction was triphasic, consisting of a rapid partial reduction phase, an apparent partial reoxidation phase, and a slow rereduction phase. Absorbance spectra taken by rapid scanning spectroscopy at 1-ms intervals before, during, and after the apparent reoxidation phase showed that this was caused by a bona fide reoxidation of cytochrome b and not by any negative spectral contribution from cytochrome c(1). With cytochrome bc(1) complex from a yeast mutant that cannot synthesize ubiquinone, cytochrome b reduction by either menaquinol or ubiquinol was rapid and monophasic. Addition of ubiquinone restored triphasic cytochrome b reduction, and the duration of the reoxidation phase increased as the ubiquinone concentration increased. When reduction of the cytochrome bc(1) complex through center P was blocked, cytochrome b reduction through center N was biphasic and was slowed by the addition of exogenous ubiquinone. These results show that ubiquinone residing at center N in the oxidized cytochrome bc(1) complex is responsible for the triphasic reduction of cytochrome b.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|