We have previously shown that polyamine-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae are very sensitive to incubation in oxygen. The current studies show that, even under more physiological conditions (i.e. growth in air), polyamine-deficient cells accumulate reactive oxygen species (ROS). These cells develop an apoptotic phenotype and, after incubation in polyamine-deficient medium, die. To show a specific effect of polyamines on ROS accumulation, uncomplicated by any effects on growth, spermine was added to spermidine-deficient spe2Delta fms1Delta cells, since spermine does not affect the growth of this strain. In this strain, spermine addition caused a marked, but not complete, decrease in the accumulation of ROS and a moderate protection against cell death. In other experiments with polyamine-deficient cells containing plasmids that overexpress superoxide dismutases (SOD1, SOD2), ROS decreased but with only a partial protection against cell death. Polyamine-deficient cells incubated anaerobically show markedly less cell death. These data show that part of the function of polyamines is protection of the cells from accumulation of ROS.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|