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Reference: Piwko W and Jentsch S (2006) Proteasome-mediated protein processing by bidirectional degradation initiated from an internal site. Nat Struct Mol Biol 13(8):691-7

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Abstract


The proteasome is a barrel-shaped protease that conceals its active sites within its central cavity. Proteasomes usually completely degrade substrates into small peptides, but in some cases, degradation yields biologically active protein fragments. Some transcription factors are generated from precursors by this activity, but the mechanism of proteasomal protein processing remains unclear. Here we show that proteasomal processing of the yeast NFkappaB-related transcription factors Spt23 and Mga2 is initiated by an internal cleavage, followed by bidirectional proteolysis of the polypeptides. Studies with protein fusions indicate that stable proteolytic fragments are generated if the protein contains tightly folded structures that prevent the complete degradation of the protein. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the ability of the proteasome to initiate proteolysis from an internal site and to proceed via bidirectional polypeptide degradation may be relevant for the complete degradation of proteins as well.

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Journal Article
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Piwko W, Jentsch S
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