The establishment of transcriptional silencing in yeast requires cell-cycle progression, but the nature of this requirement is unknown. Sir2 is a protein deacetylase that is required for gene silencing in yeast. We have used temperature-sensitive alleles of the SIR2 gene to assess Sir2's contribution to silencing as a function of the cell cycle. When examined in vivo, these conditional alleles fall into two classes: one class exhibits a loss of silencing when raised to the nonpermissive temperature regardless of cell-cycle position, while the second class exhibits a mitosis-specific silencing defect. Alleles of the first class have a primary defect in protein deacetylase activity, while the alleles of the second class are specifically defective in Sir2-Sir4 interactions at nonpermissive temperatures. Using a SIR2 temperature-sensitive allele, we show that silencing can be established at the HML locus during progression through the G2/M-G1 interval. These results suggest that yeast heterochromatin undergoes structural transitions as a function of the cell cycle and support the existence of a critical assembly step for silent chromatin in mitosis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|