We constructed a hybrid plasmid expressing yeast tryptophan synthetase in Escherichia coli. Several deletion variants lacking the A or B domains of this polypeptide (recognized by their homology to the alpha and beta subunits of prokaryotic tryptophan synthetase) showed no enzymatic activity and failed to substitute for the corresponding E. coli subunits. To examine the role of a presumed interdomain connecting region in the yeast enzyme, we constructed a variant lacking 18 amino acids in that region. The variant polypeptide was completely inactive. Replacing 14 of the 18 missing amino acids with a segment having a different sequence partially restored activity. A spontaneous revertant was characterized and shown to have a duplication of 16 amino acid residues in this region; the activity of the duplication polypeptide was better than that of the 14-residue replacement. If confirmed by additional studies, our finding that the length of the connecting region is more critical than its sequence has implications for understanding the origin of gene fusions during evolution as well as for designing artificial fusions.FAU - Crawford, I .
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|