Reference: Kang CH, et al. (1977) Steady state kinetics and binding of eukaryotic cytochromes c with yeast cytochrome c peroxidase. J Biol Chem 252(3):919-26

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Abstract


1. The steady state kinetics for the oxidation of ferrocytochrome c by yeast cytochrome c peroxidase are biphasic under most conditions. The same biphasic kinetics were observed for yeast iso-1, yeast iso-2, horse, tuna, and cicada cytochromes c. On changing ionic strength, buffer anions, and pH, the apparent Km values for the initial phase (Km1) varied relatively little while the corresponding apparent maximal velocities varied over a much larger range. 2. The highest apparent Vmax1 for horse cytochrome c is attained at relatively low pH (congruent to 6.0) and low ionic strength (congruent to 0.05), while maximal activity for the yeast protein is at higher pH (congruent to 7.0) and higher ionic strength (congruent to 0.2), with some variations depending on the nature of the buffering ions. 3. Direct binding studies showed that cytochrome c binds to two sites on the peroxidase, under conditions that give biphasic kinetics. Under those ionic conditions that yield monophasic kinetics, binding occurred at only one site. At the optimal buffer concentrations for both yeast and horse cytochromes c, the KD1 and KD2 values approximate the Km1 and Km2 values. At ionic strengths below optimal, binding becomes too strong and above optimal, too weak. 4. Under ionic conditions that are optimal and give monophasic kinetics with horse cytochrome c but are suboptimal for the yeast protein, yeast cytochrome c strongly inhibits the reaction of horse cytochrome c with peroxidase, uncompetitively at one site and competitively at a second site. The appearance of the second site under monophasic conditions is interpreted as an allosteric effect of the inhibitor binding to the first site. 5. The simplest model accounting for these observations postulates two kinetically active sites on each molecule of peroxidase, a high affinity and a low affinity site, that may correspond to the free radical and the heme iron (IV) of the oxidized enzyme, respectively. Both oxidizing equivalents may be discharged at either site. Furthermore, the enzyme appears to exist as an equilibrium mixture of a high ionic strength form, EH and a low ionic strength form, EL, the former reacting optimally with yeast cytochrome c, and the latter with horse cytochrome c.FAU - Kang, C .

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Journal Article
Authors
Kang CH, Ferguson-Miller S, Margoliash E
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