We report genome-wide analyses that establish Maf1 as a general and direct repressor of yeast RNA polymerase (Pol) III transcription. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) coupled to microarray hybridization experiments showed an increased association of Maf1 to Pol III-transcribed genes under repressing condition (rapamycin treatment) correlated with a dissociation of Brf1 and Pol III. Maf1 can exist in various phosphorylation states and interacts with Pol III in a dephosphorylated state. The largest subunit of Pol III, C160, was identified as a target of Maf1. Under repressing conditions, Maf1 is dephosphorylated and accumulates in the nucleus, and Pol III-Maf1 interaction increases. Mutations in protein phosphatase type 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit-encoding genes prevented rapamycin-induced Maf1 dephosphorylation, its nuclear accumulation, and repression of Pol III transcription. The results indicate that Pol III transcription can be globally and rapidly downregulated via dephosphorylation and relocation of a general negative cofactor.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|