Reference: Brasseur R (1988) Calculation of the three-dimensional structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cytochrome b inserted in a lipid matrix. J Biol Chem 263(25):12571-5

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Abstract


Cytochrome b is an integral membrane protein, which forms the core of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (cytochrome bc1) complex. A computer-aided three-dimensional modeling procedure was carried out in four steps. First, the candidate hydrophobic helices were searched for throughout the protein primary sequence by a computer procedure based upon the method of Eisenberg; second, a secondary helical structure was imposed to the transmembrane peptides; third, the helical segments at a lipid-water interface were oriented, and finally the possible interactions between helices with similar properties were investigated. This procedure enabled the identification of nine hydrophobic segments, of which eight are membrane-spanning helices while one has amphipathic properties. Three hydrophilic receptor-binding domains were also identified. Based upon their hydrophobicity profiles, the transmembrane helices could be associated in pairs inside the lipid bilayer. In our folding model proposed for cytochrome b, all mutation sites are not only located on the same side of the membrane but are also in close proximity in the three-dimensional structure. Inhibitor resistance mutational sites which were recently characterized (di Rago, J.-P., and Colson, A.-M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 12564-12570) have been located on this model. Moreover, the receptor-binding domains and the mutation sites are close neighbors in the three-dimensional spatial representation.

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Brasseur R
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