Reference: Onder O, et al. (2006) Modifications of the lipoamide-containing mitochondrial subproteome in a yeast mutant defective in cysteine desulfurase. Mol Cell Proteomics 5(8):1426-36

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Abstract


Comparison and identification of mitochondrial matrix proteins from wild-type and cysteine desulfurase-defective (nfs1-14, carrying a hypomorphic allele of NFS1) yeast strains, using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry analyses, revealed large changes in the amounts of various proteins. Protein spots that were specifically increased in the nfs1-14 mutant included subunits of lipoamide-containing enzyme complexes: Kgd2, Lat1, and Gcv3, subunits of the mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, and glycine cleavage system complexes, respectively. Moreover the increased protein spots corresponded to lipoamide-deficient forms in the nfs1-14 mutant. The increased proteins migrated as separate, cathode-shifted spots, consistent with gain of a lysine charge due to lack of lipoamide addition. Lack of lipoylation of these proteins was further validated using an antibody specific for lipoamide-containing proteins. In addition, this antibody revealed a fourth lipoamide-containing protein, probably corresponding to the E2 component of the branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase complex. Like the lipoamide-containing forms of Kgd2, Lat1, and Gcv3, this protein also showed decreased lipoic acid reactivity in the nfs1-14 mutant. Cysteine desulfurases, such as yeast NFS1, are required for sulfur addition to iron-sulfur clusters and other sulfur-requiring processes. The results demonstrate that Nfs1 protein is required for the proper post-translational modification of the lipoamide-containing mitochondrial subproteome in yeast and pave the road toward a thorough understanding of its precise role in lipoic acid synthesis.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Authors
Onder O, Yoon H, Naumann B, Hippler M, Dancis A, Daldal F
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