We previously reported that DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) is required for the G(0)-to-S phase transition in mammalian cells [Hossain et al. (2002) ICRF-193, a catalytic inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II, inhibits re-entry into the cell division cycle from quiescent state in mammalian cells. Genes Cells 7, 285-294]. In this study, we examined whether the requirement for topo II is evolutionarily conserved in Drosophila and yeast. ICRF-193, a catalytic inhibitor of topo II, inhibited DNA synthesis in Drosophila Schneider cells released from the G(0) (stationary) phase, whereas the drug did not inhibit DNA synthesis in Schneider cells released from the M phase. Depletion of topo II mRNA by RNA-interference (RNAi) in G(0)-phase Schneider cells resulted in significant inhibition of DNA synthesis after release from G(0)-arrest. In the yeast topo II temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant, the initial cycle of DNA synthesis occurred at a restrictive temperature after release from starvation-induced G(0) phase and doubling of the DNA content in the cells was confirmed by both flow cytometry and fluorescence spectrophotometry. DNA synthesis in yeast cells after release from the G(0) phase was also observed in the presence of ICRF-193. Doubling of the DNA content was observed during spore germination of topo II ts mutant yeast at a restrictive temperature as determined by fluorescence spectrophotometry. These results indicate that topo II is required for the G(0)-to-S phase transition in Drosophila Schneider cells, but not in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|