Multi-KH-domain proteins are highly evolutionarily conserved proteins that associate to polyribosomes and participate in RNA metabolism. Recent evidence indicate that multi-KH-domain proteins also contribute to the structural organization of heterochromatin both in mammals and Drosophila. Here, we show that the multi-KH-domain protein of S. cerevisiae, Scp160p, contributes to silencing at telomeres and at the mating-type locus, but not to ribosomal silencing. The contribution of Scp160p to silencing is independent of its binding to the ribosome as deletion of the last two KH-domains, which mediate ribosomal binding, has no effect on silencing. Disruption of SCP160 increases cell ploidy but this effect is also independent of the contribution of Scp160p to telomeric silencing as strong relief of silencing is observed in scp160 cells with normal ploidy and, vice versa, scp160 cells with highly increased ploidy show no significant silencing defects. The TPE-phenotype of scp160 cells associates to a decreased Sir3p deposition at telomeres and, in good agreement, silencing is rescued by SIR3 over-expression and in a rif1rif2 mutant. Scp160p shows a distinct perinuclear localization that is independent of its ability to bind ribosomes. Moreover, telomere clustering at the nuclear envelope is perturbed in scp160 cells and disruption of the histone deacetylase RPD3, which is known to improve telomere clustering, rescues telomeric silencing in scp160 cells. These results are discussed in the context of a model in which Scp160p contributes to silencing by helping telomere clustering.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|