Inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) play a crucial role in the regulation of metazoan apoptosis. IAPs are typically characterized by the presence of one to three baculovirus IAP repeat (BIR) domains that are essential for their anti-apoptotic activity. Bir1p is the sole BIR-protein in yeast and has been shown to participate in chromosome segregation events. Here, we show that Bir1p is a substrate for Nma111p, which is the homologue of the human pro-apoptotic serine protease Omi/HtrA2 and which is known to mediate apoptosis in yeast. Bir1p is a cytoplasmic and nuclear protein, and yeast cells lacking bir1 are more sensitive to apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Consistently, overexpression of Bir1p reduces apoptosis-like cell death, whereas this protective effect can be antagonized in vivo by simultaneous overexpression of Nma111p. Moreover, chronologically aged cells that constitutively overexpress Bir1p show a delayed onset of cell death. Therefore, Bir1p, like its closest metazoan homologues deterin and survivin, has dual functions: it participates in chromosome segregation events and cytokinesis and exhibits anti-apoptotic activity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|