Reference: Nicoloso M, et al. (1996) Intron-encoded, antisense small nucleolar RNAs: the characterization of nine novel species points to their direct role as guides for the 2'-O-ribose methylation of rRNAs. J Mol Biol 260(2):178-95

Reference Help

Abstract

A growing number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are intron-encoded, contain the characteristic box C (UGAUGA) and box D (CUGA) motifs and exhibit long complementarities to conserved sequences in mature rRNAs. We have identified nine additional members of this family, U32 to U40. All but one are encoded in introns of ribosomal protein genes in vertebrates: U32 to U35 in rpL13a, U36 in rpL7a and U38 to U40 in rpS8. By contrast, U37 is encoded in elongation factor 2 gene. Interestingly, U32 and U36 each contain two complementarities (one to 18 S and the other to 28 S rRNA). U32 to U40 are fibrillarin-associated, devoid of a 5'-trimethyl-cap and display an exclusively nucleolar localization. They are all metabolically stable and roughly as abundant as previously reported members of this family. Characterization of their homologs in distant species shows that their 10 to 14 nt long rRNA complementarities are conserved. A clue on the function of this snoRNA family is provided by the comparative analysis of the largely expanded collection of their conserved duplexes with rRNA. Not only does each duplex span at least one site of 2'-O-ribose methylation in the rRNA but the modification site is always at the same position in the duplex, paired to the fifth nucleotide upstream from a box D motif in the snoRNA. Consistent with the notion that each snoRNA of this family guides one particular methylation along the rRNA sequence, we have detected several pairs of snoRNAs with overlapping complementarities to rRNA tracts with vicinal sites of ribose methylations. In each case, the two overlapping complementarities are shifted from each other by a distance equal to the spacing between the methylated sites which are thus found at the same position within each of the mutually exclusive duplexes. Finally, we have also identified, within three previously known snoRNAs, novel antisense elements able to form a canonical duplex around ribose-methylated sites in rRNA, which further supports the conclusion that the duplex structure provides the 2'-O-methyltransferase with the appropriate site-specificity on the substrate.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Nicoloso M, Qu LH, Michot B, Bachellerie JP
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference