Take our Survey

Reference: Okamoto M, et al. (2006) Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins are required for the transport of detergent-resistant microdomain-associated membrane proteins Tat2p and Fur4p. J Biol Chem 281(7):4013-23

Reference Help

Abstract

In eukaryotic cells many cell surface proteins are attached to the membrane via the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) moiety. In yeast, GPI also plays important roles in the production of mannoprotein in the cell wall. We previously isolated gwt1 mutants and found that GWT1 is required for inositol acylation in the GPI biosynthetic pathway. In this study we isolated a new gwt1 mutant allele, gwt1-10, that shows not only high temperature sensitivity but also low temperature sensitivity. The gwt1-10 cells show impaired acyltransferase activity and attachment of GPI to proteins even at the permissive temperature. We identified TAT2, which encodes a high affinity tryptophan permease, as a multicopy suppressor of cold sensitivity in gwt1-10 cells. The gwt1-10 cells were also defective in the import of tryptophan, and a lack of tryptophan caused low temperature sensitivity. Microscopic observation revealed that Tat2p is not transported to the plasma membrane but is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum in gwt1-10 cells grown under tryptophan-poor conditions. We found that Tat2p was not associated with detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs), which are required for the recruitment of Tat2p to the plasma membrane. A similar result was obtained for Fur4p, a uracil permease localized in the DRMs of the plasma membrane. These results indicate that GPI-anchored proteins are required for the recruitment of membrane proteins Tat2p and Fur4p to the plasma membrane via DRMs, suggesting that some membrane proteins are redistributed in the cell in response to environmental and nutritional conditions due to an association with DRMs that is dependent on GPI-anchored proteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Okamoto M, Yoko-o T, Umemura M, Nakayama KI, Jigami Y
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference