Sphingolipids are required for many cellular functions including response to heat shock. We analyzed the yeast lcb1-100 mutant, which is conditionally impaired in the first step of sphingolipid biosynthesis and shows a strong decrease in heat shock protein synthesis and viability. Transcription and nuclear export of heat shock protein mRNAs is not affected. However, lcb1-100 cells exhibited a strong decrease in protein synthesis caused by a defect in translation initiation under heat stress conditions. The essential lipid is sphingoid base, not ceramide or sphingoid base phosphates. Deletion of the eIF4E-binding protein Eap1p in lcb-100 cells restored translation of heat shock proteins and increased viability. The translation defect during heat stress in lcb1-100 was due at least partially to a reduced function of the sphingoid base-activated PKH1/2 protein kinases. In addition, depletion of the translation initiation factor eIF4G was observed in lcb1-100 cells and ubiquitin overexpression allowed partial recovery of translation after heat stress. Taken together, we have shown a requirement for sphingoid bases during the recovery from heat shock and suggest that this reflects a direct lipid-dependent signal to the cap-dependent translation initiation apparatus.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|