DNA replication origins, specified by ARS elements in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, play an essential role in the stable transmission of chromosomes. Little is known about the evolution of ARS elements. We have isolated and characterized ARS elements from a chromosome III recovered from an alloploid Carlsberg brewing yeast that has diverged from its S. cerevisiae homeologue. The positions of seven ARS elements identified in this S. carlsbergensis chromosome are conserved: they are located in intergenic regions flanked by open reading frames homologous to those that flank seven ARS elements of the S. cerevisiae chromosome. The S. carlsbergensis ARS elements were active both in S. cerevisiae and S. monacensis, which has been proposed to be the source of the diverged genome present in brewing yeast. Moreover, their function as chromosomal replication origins correlated strongly with the activity of S. cerevisiae ARS elements, demonstrating the conservation of ARS activity and replication origin function in these two species.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|