The homotrimeric heat shock transcription factor (HSF) binds to the heat shock element (HSE) of target genes and regulates transcription in response to various stresses. The Hsf1 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is extensively phosphorylated upon heat shock, a modification that is under positive regulation by its C-terminal regulatory domain (CTM). Hyperphosphorylation has been implicated in gene-specific transcriptional activation. Here, we surveyed genes whose heat shock response is reduced by a CTM mutation. The CTM is indispensable for transcription via HSEs bound by a single Hsf1 trimer but is dispensable for transcription via HSEs bound by Hsf1 trimers in a cooperative manner. Intragenic mutations located within or near the wing region of the winged helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain suppress the temperature-sensitive growth phenotype associated with the CTM mutation and enable Hsf1 to activate transcription independently of hyperphosphorylation. Deletion of the wing partially restores the transcriptional defects of the unphosphorylated Hsf1. These results demonstrate a functional link between hyperphosphorylation and the wing region and suggest that this modification is involved in a conformational change of a single Hsf1 trimer to an active form.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|