Take our Survey

Reference: Yu Q, et al. (2006) Mechanism of the long range anti-silencing function of targeted histone acetyltransferases in yeast. J Biol Chem 281(7):3980-8

Reference Help

Abstract

Transcriptionally silent chromatin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is associated with histone hypoacetylation and is formed through the action of the Sir histone deacetylase complex. A histone acetyltransferase (HAT) targeted near silent chromatin can overcome silencing at a distance by increasing histone acetylation in a sizable region. However, how a tethered HAT acetylates distant nucleosomes has not been resolved. We demonstrate here that targeting the histone H3-specific HAT Gcn5p promotes acetylation of not only histone H3 but also histone H4 in a broad region. We also show that long-range anti-silencing and histone acetylation by targeted HATs can be blocked by nucleosome-excluding sequences. These results are consistent with the contention that a tethered HAT promotes stepwise propagation of histone acetylation along the chromatin. As histone hypoacetylation is key to the formation and maintenance of transcriptionally silent chromatin, it is believed that acetylation promoted by a targeted HAT disrupts silent chromatin thereby overcoming silencing. However, we show that the acetylated and transcriptionally active region created by a tethered HAT retains structural hallmarks of Sir-dependent silent chromatin, and remains associated with Sir proteins indicating that tethered HATs overcome silencing without completely dismantling silent chromatin.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Yu Q, Sandmeier J, Xu H, Zou Y, Bi X
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference