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Reference: Tsai RT, et al. (2005) Spliceosome disassembly catalyzed by Prp43 and its associated components Ntr1 and Ntr2. Genes Dev 19(24):2991-3003

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Abstract


Two novel yeast splicing factors required for spliceosome disassembly have been identified. Ntr1 and Ntr2 (NineTeen complex-Related proteins) were identified for their weak association with components of the Prp19-associated complex. Unlike other Prp19-associated components, these two proteins were primarily associated with the intron-containing spliceosome during the splicing reaction. Extracts depleted of Ntr1 or Ntr2 exhibited full splicing activity, but accumulated large amounts of lariat-intron in the spliceosome after splicing, indicating that the normal function of the Prp19-associated complex in spliceosome activation was not affected, but spliceosome disassembly was hindered. Immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that Ntr1 and Ntr2 formed a stable complex with DExD/H-box RNA helicase Prp43 in the splicing extract. Ntr1 interacted with Prp43 through the N-terminal G-patch domain, with Ntr2 through a middle region, and with itself through the carboxyl half of the protein. The affinity-purified Ntr1-Ntr2-Prp43 complex could catalyze disassembly of the spliceosome in an ATP-dependent manner, separating U2, U5, U6, NTC (NineTeen Complex), and lariat-intron. This is the first demonstration of physical disassembly of the spliceosome, catalyzed by a complex containing a DExD/H-box RNA helicase and two accessory factors, which might function in targeting the helicase to the correct substrate.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Tsai RT, Fu RH, Yeh FL, Tseng CK, Lin YC, Huang YH, Cheng SC
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