We describe the isolation and molecular characterization of seven distinct proteins present in human [U4/U6.U5] tri-snRNPs. These proteins exhibit clear homology to the Sm proteins and are thus denoted LSm (like Sm) proteins. Purified LSm proteins form a heteromer that is stable even in the absence of RNA and exhibits a doughnut shape under the electron microscope, with striking similarity to the Sm core RNP structure. The purified LSm heteromer binds specifically to U6 snRNA, requiring the 3'-terminal U-tract for complex formation. The 3'-end of U6 snRNA was also co-precipitated with LSm proteins after digestion of isolated tri-snRNPs with RNaseT(1). Importantly, the LSm proteins did not bind to the U-rich Sm sites of intact U1, U2, U4 or U5 snRNAs, indicating that they can only interact with a 3'-terminal U-tract. Finally, we show that the LSm proteins facilitate the formation of U4/U6 RNA duplices in vitro, suggesting that the LSm proteins may play a role in U4/U6 snRNP formation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|