Niemann-Pick Disease Type C (NP-C) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease, which is biochemically distinguished by the lysosomal accumulation of exogenously derived cholesterol. Mutation of either the hNPC1 or hNPC2 gene is causative for NP-C. We report the identification of the yeast homologue of human NPC2, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Npc2p. We demonstrate that scNpc2p is evolutionarily related to the mammalian NPC2 family of proteins. We also show, through colocalization, subcellular fractionation, and secretion analyses, that yeast Npc2p is treated similarly to human NPC2 when expressed in mammalian cells. Importantly, we show that yeast Npc2p can efficiently revert the unesterified cholesterol and GM1 accumulation seen in hNPC2-/- patient fibroblasts demonstrating that it is a functional homologue of human NPC2. The present study reveals that the fundamental process of NPC2-mediated lipid transport has been maintained throughout evolution.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|