Reference: Koehler AN, et al. (2003) Discovery of an inhibitor of a transcription factor using small molecule microarrays and diversity-oriented synthesis. J Am Chem Soc 125(28):8420-1

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Abstract


Small molecule microarrays were screened to identify a small molecule ligand for Hap3p, a subunit of the yeast Hap2/3/4/5p transcription factor complex. The compound, named haptamide A, was determined to have a KD of 5.03 muM for binding to Hap3p using surface plasmon resonance analysis. Haptamide A also inhibited activation of a GDH1-lacZ reporter gene in a dose-dependent fashion. To explore structure-activity relationships, 11 derivatives of haptamide A were prepared using the same synthetic route that was developed for the original library synthesis. Analysis of dissociation constants and IC50 values for the reporter gene assay revealed a more potent inhibitor, haptamide B, with a KD of 330 nM. Whole-genome transcriptional profiling was used to compare effects of haptamide B with a hap3Delta yeast strain. Treatment with haptamide B, like the deletion mutant, reduced lactate-induced transcription of several genes from wild-type levels. Profiling the genetic "knockout" and the chemical genetic "knockdown" led to the identification of several genes that are regulated by Hap3p under nonfermentative conditions. These results demonstrate that a small molecule discovered using the small molecule microarray binding assay can permeate yeast cells and reach its target transcription factor protein in cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Koehler AN, Shamji AF, Schreiber SL
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