Intracellular pH and K+ concentrations must be tightly controlled because they affect many cellular activities, including cell growth and death. The mechanisms of homeostasis of H+ and K+ are only partially understood. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, proton efflux is mediated by the Pma1 H+-ATPase. As this pump is electrogenic, the activity of the Trk1 and -2 K+ uptake system is crucial for sustained Pma1p operation. The coordinated activities of these two systems determine cell volume, turgor, membrane potential, and pH. Genetic evidence indicates that Trk1p is activated by the Hal4 and -5 kinases and inhibited by the Ppz1 and -2 phosphatases, which, in turn, are inhibited by their regulatory subunit, Hal3p. We show that Trk1p, present in plasma membrane "rafts", physically interacts with Ppz1p, that Trk1p is phosphorylated in vivo, and that its level of phosphorylation increases in ppz1 and -2 mutants. Interestingly, both the interaction with and inhibition of Ppz1p by Hal3p are pH dependent. These results are consistent with a model in which the Ppz1-Hal3 interaction is a sensor of intracellular pH that modulates H+ and K+ homeostasis through the regulation of Trk1p activity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|