The H subunit of the yeast V-ATPase is an extended structure with two relatively independent domains, an N-terminal domain consisting of amino acids 1-348 and a C-terminal domain consisting of amino acids 352-478. We have expressed these two domains independently and together in a yeast strain lacking the H subunit (vma13Delta mutant). The N-terminal domain partially complements the growth defects of the mutant and supports approximately 25% of the wild-type Mg(2+)-dependent ATPase activity in isolated vacuolar vesicles, but surprisingly, this activity is both largely concanamycin-insensitive and uncoupled from proton transport. The C-terminal domain does not complement the growth defects, and supports no ATP hydrolysis or proton transport, even though it is recruited to the vacuolar membrane. Expression of both domains in a vma13Delta strain gives better complementation than either fragment alone and results in higher concanamycin-sensitive ATPase activity and ATP-driven proton pumping than the N-terminal domain alone. Thus, the two domains make complementary contributions to structural and functional coupling of the peripheral V(1) and membrane V(o) sectors of the V-ATPase, but this coupling does not require that they be joined covalently. The N-terminal domain alone is sufficient for activation of ATP hydrolysis in V(1), but the C-terminal domain is essential for proper communication between the V(1) and V(o) sectors.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|