Transcriptionally silent chromatin is associated with reduced histone acetylation and its propagation depends on histone hypoacetylation promoted by histone deacetylases. We show that tethered histone acetyltransferase (HAT) Esa1p or Gcn5p creates a segment of hyperacetylated chromatin that is at least 2.6 kb in size and counteracts transcriptional silencing that emanates from a silencer in yeast. Esa1p and Gcn5p counteract URA3 silencing even when they are targeted 1.7 kb downstream of the promoter and >2.0 kb from the silencer. The anti-silencing effect of a targeted HAT is strengthened by increasing the number of targeting sites, but impaired by events that enhance silencing. A tethered HAT can also counteract telomeric silencing. The anti-silencing effect of Gcn5p is abolished by a mutation that eliminated its HAT activity or by deleting the ADA2 gene encoding a structural component of Gcn5p-containing HAT complexes. These results demonstrate that a tethered HAT complex can create a sizable region of histone hyperacetylation and serve as a barrier to encroaching repressive chromatin.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|