Besides its role as a major recycler of unfolded or otherwise damaged intracellular proteins, the 26S proteasome functions as a regulator of many vital cellular processes and is postulated as a target for antitumor drugs. It has previously been shown that dysfunction of the catalytic core of the 26S proteasome, the 20S proteasome, causes a moderate increase in the frequency of spontaneous mutations in yeast [A. Podlaska, J. McIntyre, A. Skoneczna, E. Sledziewska-Gojska, The link between proteasome activity and postreplication DNA repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Microbiol. 49 (2003) 1321-1332]. Here we show the results of genetic analysis, which indicate that the mutator phenotype caused by the deletion of UMP1, encoding maturase of 20S proteasome, involves members of the RAD6 epistasis group. The great majority of mutations occurring spontaneously in yeast cells deficient in 20S proteasome function are connected with the unique Rad6/Rad18-dependent error-prone translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) requiring the activities of both TLS polymerases: Pol eta and Pol zeta. Our results suggest the involvement of proteasomal activity in the limitation of this unique error-prone TLS mechanism in wild-type cells. On the other hand, we found that the mutator phenotypes caused by deficiency in Rad18 and Rad6, are largely alleviated by defects in proteasome activities. Since the mutator phenotypes produced by deletion of RAD6 and RAD18 require Pol zeta and Siz1/Ubc9-dependent sumoylation of PCNA, our results suggest that proteasomal dysfunction limits sumoylation-dependent error-prone activity of Pol zeta. Taken together, our findings strongly support the idea that proteolytic activity is involved in modulating the balance between TLS mechanisms functioning during DNA replication in S. cerevisiae.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|