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Reference: Regev-Rudzki N, et al. (2005) Yeast aconitase in two locations and two metabolic pathways: seeing small amounts is believing. Mol Biol Cell 16(9):4163-71

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Abstract


The distribution of identical enzymatic activities between different subcellular compartments is a fundamental process of living cells. At present, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae aconitase enzyme has been detected only in mitochondria, where it functions in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and is considered a mitochondrial matrix marker. We developed two strategies for physical and functional detection of aconitase in the yeast cytosol: 1) we fused the alpha peptide of the beta-galactosidase enzyme to aconitase and observed alpha complementation in the cytosol; and 2) we created an ACO1-URA3 hybrid gene, which allowed isolation of strains in which the hybrid protein is exclusively targeted to mitochondria. These strains display a specific phenotype consistent with glyoxylate shunt elimination. Together, our data indicate that yeast aconitase isoenzymes distribute between two distinct subcellular compartments and participate in two separate metabolic pathways; the glyoxylate shunt in the cytosol and the TCA cycle in mitochondria. We maintain that such dual distribution phenomena have a wider occurrence than recorded currently, the reason being that in certain cases there is a small fraction of one of the isoenzymes, in one of the locations, making its detection very difficult. We term this phenomenon of highly uneven isoenzyme distribution "eclipsed distribution."

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Regev-Rudzki N, Karniely S, Ben-Haim NN, Pines O
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