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Reference: Nielsen KH, et al. (2004) Functions of eIF3 downstream of 48S assembly impact AUG recognition and GCN4 translational control. EMBO J 23(5):1166-77

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Abstract

The binding of eIF2-GTP-tRNA(i)(Met) ternary complex (TC) to 40S subunits is impaired in yeast prt1-1 (eIF3b) mutant extracts, but evidence is lacking that TC recruitment is a critical function of eIF3 in vivo. If TC binding was rate-limiting in prt1-1 cells, overexpressing TC should suppress the temperature-sensitive phenotype and GCN4 translation should be strongly derepressed in this mutant, but neither was observed. Rather, GCN4 translation is noninducible in prt1-1 cells, and genetic analysis indicates defective ribosomal scanning between the upstream open reading frames that mediate translational control. prt1-1 cells also show reduced utilization of a near-cognate start codon, implicating eIF3 in AUG selection. Using in vivo cross-linking, we observed accumulation of TC and mRNA/eIF4G on 40S subunits and a 48S 'halfmer' in prt1-1 cells. Genetic evidence suggests that 40S-60S subunit joining is not rate-limiting in the prt1-1 mutant. Thus, eIF3b functions between 48S assembly and subunit joining to influence AUG recognition and reinitiation on GCN4 mRNA. Other mutations that disrupt eIF2-eIF3 contacts in the multifactor complex (MFC) diminished 40S-bound TC, indicating that MFC formation enhances 43S assembly in vivo.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Nielsen KH, Szamecz B, Valasek L, Jivotovskaya A, Shin BS, Hinnebusch AG
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