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Reference: Covian R and Trumpower BL (2005) Rapid electron transfer between monomers when the cytochrome bc1 complex dimer is reduced through center N. J Biol Chem 280(24):22732-40

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Abstract


We have obtained evidence for electron transfer between cytochrome b subunits of the yeast bc(1) complex dimer by analyzing pre-steady state reduction of cytochrome b in the presence of center P inhibitors. The kinetics and extent of cytochrome b reduced by quinol in the presence of variable concentrations of antimycin decreased non-linearly and could only be fitted to a model in which electrons entering through one center N can equilibrate between the two cytochrome b subunits of the bc(1) complex dimer. The b(H) heme absorbance in a bc(1) complex inhibited at center P and preincubated with substoichiometric concentrations of antimycin showed a red shift upon the addition of substrate, which indicates that electrons from the uninhibited center N in one monomer are able to reach the b(H) heme at the antimycin-blocked site in the other. The extent of cytochrome b reduction by variable concentrations of menaquinol could only be fitted to a kinetic model that assumes electron equilibration between center N sites in the dimer. Kinetic simulations showed that non-rate-limiting electron equilibration between the two b(H) hemes in the dimer through the two b(L) hemes is possible upon reduction through one center N despite the thermodynamically unfavorable b(H) to b(L) electron transfer step. We propose that electron transfer between cytochrome b subunits minimizes the formation of semiquinone-ferrocytochrome b(H) complexes at center N and favors ubiquinol oxidation at center P by increasing the amount of oxidized cytochrome b.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Covian R, Trumpower BL
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