Transport between the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and late endosome represents a conserved, clathrin-dependent sorting event that separates lysosomal from secretory cargo molecules and is also required for localization of integral membrane proteins to the TGN. Previously, we reported a cell-free reaction that reconstitutes transport from the yeast TGN to the late endosome/prevacuolar compartment (PVC) and requires the PVC t-SNARE Pep12p. Here, we report that factors required both for formation of clathrin-coated vesicles at the TGN (the Chc1p clathrin heavy chain and the Vps1p dynamin homolog) and for vesicle fusion at the PVC (the Vps21p rab protein and Vps45p SM (Sec1/Munc18) protein) are required for cell-free transport. The marker for TGN-PVC transport, Kex2p, is initially present in a clathrin-containing membrane compartment that is competent for delivery of Kex2p to the PVC. A Kex2p chimera containing the cytosolic tail (C-tail) of the vacuolar protein sorting receptor, Vps10p, is also efficiently transported to the PVC. Antibodies against the Kex2p and Vps10p C-tails selectively block transport of Kex2p and the Kex2-Vps10p chimera. The requirements for factors involved in vesicle formation and fusion, the identification of the donor compartment as a clathrin-containing membrane, and the need for accessibility of C-tail sequences argue that the TGN-PVC transport reaction involves selective incorporation of TGN cargo molecules into clathrin-coated vesicle intermediates. Further biochemical dissection of this reaction should help elucidate the molecular requirements and hierarchy of events in TGN-to-PVC sorting and transport.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|