Reference: Barbey R, et al. (2005) Inducible dissociation of SCF(Met30) ubiquitin ligase mediates a rapid transcriptional response to cadmium. EMBO J 24(3):521-32

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Abstract


Activity of the Met4 transcription factor is antagonized by the SCF(Met30) ubiquitin ligase by degradation-dependent and degradation-independent mechanisms, in minimal and rich nutrient conditions, respectively. In this study, we show that the heavy metal Cd2+ over-rides both mechanisms to enable rapid Met4-dependent induction of metabolic networks needed for production of the antioxidant and Cd2+-chelating agent glutathione. Cd2+ inhibits SCF(Met30) activity through rapid dissociation of the F-box protein Met30 from the holocomplex. In minimal medium, dissociation of SCF(Met30) complex is sufficient to impair the methionine-induced degradation of Met4. In rich medium, dissociation of the SCF(Met30) complex is accompanied by a deubiquitylation mechanism that rapidly removes inhibitory ubiquitin moieties from Met4. Post-translational control of SCF(Met30) assembly by a physiological stress to allow rapid induction of a protective gene expression program represents a novel mode of regulation in the ubiquitin system.

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Barbey R, Baudouin-Cornu P, Lee TA, Rouillon A, Zarzov P, Tyers M, Thomas D
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