Work with respiration-deficient strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has provided evidence that assembly of the mitochondrial ATP synthase is dependent on proteins that serve substrate-specific, chaperone-type functions: Atp10p, Atp11p, Atp12p, Atp22p, and Fmc1p. Atp11p and Atp12p mediate the formation of the F(1) moiety via interaction with subunits F(1)-beta and F(1)-alpha, respectively. The role of Fmc1p is less clear. Atp10p and Atp22p are essential for the formation of the F(O) part, during which Atp10p assists in the incorporation of the F(O)-a subunit. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of ATP synthase assembly factors from all available genomes. The mechanism of the F(1) assembly is preserved in all eukaryotic lineages that are capable of ATP synthesis via oxidative phosphorylation and requires Atp11p and Atp12p. Conversely, composition of the F(O) part as well as its assembly is more versatile. We found two distinct subtypes of the F(O)-a subunit, one of which seems to be dependent on the action of Atp10p while the other does not. Restricted occurrence of Fmc1p and Atp22p suggests the existence of lineage-specific assembly factors. Our phylogenetic data served as a source for comparative sequence analysis, which identified evolutionarily conserved residues, putative functional domains and their basic structural features for Atp10p, Atp11p, and Atp12p orthologs. These results provide the basis for detailed molecular analysis of the ATP synthase-specific chaperones. Proteins 2005. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|