Ubiquitin (Ub) attachment to membrane proteins can serve as a sorting signal for lysosomal delivery. Recognition of Ub as a sorting signal can occur at the trans-Golgi network and is mediated in part by the clathrin-associated Golgi-localizing, gamma-adaptin ear domain homology, ARF-binding proteins (GGA). GGA proteins bind Ub via a three-helix bundle subdomain in their GAT (GGA and target of Myb1 protein) domain, which is also present in the Ub binding domain of target of Myb1 protein. Ubiquitin binding by yeast Ggas is required to direct sorting of ubiquitinated proteins such as general amino acid permease (Gap1) from the trans-Golgi network to endosomes. Using affinity chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we have found that the human GGA3 GAT domain contains two Ub binding motifs that bind to the same surface of ubiquitin. These motifs are found within different helices within the three-helix GAT subdomain. When functionally analyzed in yeast, each motif was sufficient to mediate trans-Golgi network to endosomal sorting of Gap1, and mutation of both motifs resulted in defective Gap1 sorting without defects in other GGA-dependent processes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|