Atovaquone is a new anti-malarial agent that specifically targets the cytochrome bc1 complex and inhibits parasite respiration. A growing number of failures of this drug in the treatment of malaria have been genetically linked to point mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. To better understand the molecular basis of atovaquone resistance in malaria, we introduced five of these mutations, including the most prevalent variant found in Plasmodium falciparum (Y268S), into the cytochrome b gene of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and thus obtained cytochrome bc1 complexes resistant to inhibition by atovaquone. By modeling the variations in cytochrome b structure and atovaquone binding with the mutated bc1 complexes, we obtained the first quantitative explanation for the molecular basis of atovaquone resistance in malaria parasites.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|