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Reference: Kessl JJ, et al. (2005) Cytochrome b mutations that modify the ubiquinol-binding pocket of the cytochrome bc1 complex and confer anti-malarial drug resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 280(17):17142-8

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Abstract


Atovaquone is a new anti-malarial agent that specifically targets the cytochrome bc1 complex and inhibits parasite respiration. A growing number of failures of this drug in the treatment of malaria have been genetically linked to point mutations in the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. To better understand the molecular basis of atovaquone resistance in malaria, we introduced five of these mutations, including the most prevalent variant found in Plasmodium falciparum (Y268S), into the cytochrome b gene of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and thus obtained cytochrome bc1 complexes resistant to inhibition by atovaquone. By modeling the variations in cytochrome b structure and atovaquone binding with the mutated bc1 complexes, we obtained the first quantitative explanation for the molecular basis of atovaquone resistance in malaria parasites.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Kessl JJ, Ha KH, Merritt AK, Lange BB, Hill P, Meunier B, Meshnick SR, Trumpower BL
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