Arc1p, a yeast tRNA-binding protein, forms a complex with the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, methionyl tRNA synthetase (MetRS) and glutamyl tRNA synthetase (GluRS). Although this complex localizes normally in the cytoplasm, in the absence of Arc1p the two free synthetases are also found inside the nucleus. In this work, in order to localize free Arc1 we abolished complex assembly by deleting the appended domains from both MetRS and GluRS. Surprisingly, free Arc1p remained cytoplasmic even when fitted with a strong nuclear localization signal (NLS). However, NLS-Arc1p accumulated in the nucleus when Xpo1/Crm1, the export receptor for NES-containing cargo proteins, was mutated. Thus, the cytoplasmic location of Arc1p is maintained by Xpo1p-dependent nuclear export and Arc1p could act as an adapter in the nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of tRNA and/or the tRNA-aminoacylation machinery.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|